捕鱼来了手游怎么赚钱|捕鱼来了辅助一炮死 西泠印社
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金石篆刻(西泠印社)國家級非物質文化遺產

作者:西泠印社     來源:西泠印社     發布時間:2018-07-01     訪問量:

國家非遺證書 縮小.jpg

西泠印社創立于1904年(清光緒三十年),是中國現存歷史最悠久的文人藝術社團,也是中國第一個以金石篆刻為主的專業學術團體。西泠印社在中華人民共和國民政部注冊登記,但在日本、韓國、新加坡、馬來西亞及東南亞地區也享有很高的知名度,是在傳統漢文化圈有崇高地位、具有國際影響力的國家級社團組織。

創立百余年來,西泠印社以“保存金石、研究印學,兼及書畫”為宗旨,以篆刻創作和印學研究為主,同時致力于書法、繪畫、古典詩文、收藏鑒定、考古、文字等相關學科領域,注重傳統文人綜合文化素養的修為。西泠印社以現代意義的社團組織形式從事古典的藝術探索,以寬松的運作理念主張藝術的多元性。每年在春秋兩季組織社員聚會,舉辦藝術展覽、學術研討、創作筆會和鑒賞交流活動,在傳統文化土壤日漸衰微的現代文化環境下,依然生動完好地保存著具有傳統文人氣質的組織文化形態。西泠印社現有社員506人,分布在中國、日本、韓國、新加坡、馬來西亞、法國、美國、加拿大、捷克等國家,基本囊括了海內外金石篆刻界的中堅力量,也承載著當代金石篆刻藝術傳承發展的重任。

西泠印社擁有作為國家級文物保護單位的孤山社址、國家級的專業博物館——中國印學博物館,同時又是中華人民共和國首批國家級非物質文化遺產代表作“金石篆刻(西泠印社)”項目的傳承代表組織。2009年,“中國篆刻藝術”入選聯合國教科文組織“世界非物質文化遺產項目”,西泠印社為主要傳承代表組織,中國的篆刻和印章藝術有機會被更多地區和國家的人們所了解和認識。

印章是人類文明發展進程中的一個重要元素,古埃及、巴比倫、蘇美爾、中國等多個文明形態都曾出現過契刻形式的文字刻符,但伴隨以這種形式誕生的文字體系一直傳承延續、至今仍具有生命力的,惟有中國的印章。即使僅從使用方式和形制上看,中國印章也具有不同于其他文明中“印記”的獨特個性。中國印章是中華歷史與文明的重要載體之一,數千年來普遍應用于社會生活,并由于文人審美趣味的介入而發展出一系列的程式和規范,產生了眾多藝術流派,進而衍生出文人結社等豐富的社會文化生態,成為中華文明的重要組成部分。

 

Established in 1904 (the 30th year during the reign of Emperor Guangxu in Qing Dynasty), Xiling Seal Engraver’s Society is a society of literati and artists with the longest history among those still existing in China and is also China’s first professional academic organization specializing in stone seal carving. Xiling Seal Engraver’s Society was registered at the Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People’s Republic of China, but it also enjoys a high reputation in Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Malaysia and Southeast Asia. It is a national-level society which takes up an esteemed position in the circle of traditional Chinese culture and has international influence.

Since its establishment over 100 years ago, Xiling Seal Engraver’s Society has always been sticking to the tenet of “Preserving stones, studying seal theories and integrating calligraphy and painting”. While focusing on seal carving creations and seal studies, it is also dedicated to related fields of study such as calligraphy, painting, classical poems and essays, collection appraisal, archaeology and characters, and pays attention to the traditional cultural accomplishments of literati and scholars. Xiling Seal Engraver’s Society is engaged in artistic exploration of classical in the form of social organization with modern meanings. It advocates diversity of art based on broad operation philosophies. In spring and autumn every year, member party is organized, at which activities such as art exhibition, academic seminar, creation forum and appraisal communication are held. Under the modern culture context in which the traditional culture gradually declines, we still preserve the complete organizational culture form which has temperament traditional literati and scholars. At present, Xiling Seal Engraver’s Society has 506 members distributed in countries like China, Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Malaysia, France, the US, Canada and the Czech Republic, basically covering backbones in the circle of stone seal carving at home and abroad. It also undertakes the significant task of carrying over and developing the contemporary art of stone seal carving.

With Gushan Shezhi site, a cultural relic under state protection, and China Seal Studies Museum, a professional museum of national level, Xiling Seal Engraver’s Society is also the carry-over and representative organization of the project of “Stone Seal Carving (Xiling Seal Engraver’s Society)” in representative works of the first group of national-level cultural heritages of the People’s Republic of China. In 2009 “The Art of Chinese Seal” jointly declared by Xiling Seal Engraver’s Society and China Academy of Seal Engraving, Chinese National Academy of Arts, successfully entered the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage List. Thus, the seal engraving and seal art of China have opportunities to be known and recognized by more people in regions and countries all over the world.

Seal is an important element in the course of development of human civilization. In Ancient Egypt, Babylon, Sumeria, China and other cultural forms, character carved symbols in the form of inscriptions on oracle bones were once found. However, with pass-down and continuation of this newly borne character system, the Chinese seal is the only one that is still of vitality. From the perspective of the use method and the shape, Chinese seal also has its uniqueness which is different from “imprints” in other civilizations. Chinese seal is an important carrier of Chinese history and civilization, which has been commonly applied in social life for over thousand years. Further more, due to the intervention of aesthetic interest of literati and scholars, a series of programs and standards of Chinese seal has been developed, and various artistic schools have come into being, thus deriving abundant social cultural ecology such as formation of association by literati and scholars, making Chinese seal a significant part of Chinese civilization.


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